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What Are Those Tiny Red Worms In My Filter? | Decorative Ponds & Water Gardens Q & A

What Are Those Tiny Red Worms In My Filter?

Q: What are those tiny red worms in my filter?

Jose – Highland Park, IL

A: They’re tiny, they’re wriggly, and they’re blood-red – or at least a creamy pink color. What are they? They’re non-biting midge fly larvae, also known as bloodworms. Though they’re an unsettling infestation to see in your filter, they’re actually harmless to your fish.

Know Your Chironomidae

Midge flies hail from the family Chironomidae, which includes more than 10,000 different species worldwide. Some varieties appear bright red in color thanks to a hemoglobin-type substance that helps them live with oxygen-depleted water, giving them their “bloodworm” nickname.

As adults, midge flies resemble mosquitoes, but they have fluffy antennae and no blood-sucking proboscis. Large numbers of them can be a nuisance as their droppings can cause damage to paint, brick and other surfaces. And when their tiny corpses pile up, they can cause a stink.

Home Sweet Home

These insects thrive in freshwater aquatic and semi-aquatic environments. In their larval stages, they live in tree holes, bromeliads, rotting vegetation, soil and artificial containers – including filtration systems, infesting media pads. They spend their time attached to the container’s solid surface and taking in tasty food as it floats by.

Midge flies lay their eggs in water, preferring it to be still, clear, dark and safe from critters like fish and frogs that nosh on the larvae when they emerge. To protect themselves, the bloodworms actually create and live in tiny half-inch tubes they build from mud, algae and other naturally occurring resources. Look closely in your filter, and you’ll probably see some of these worm-sized mud huts.

A Tasty Fish Treat

Don’t worry: These little guys won’t harm your pond or your fish. In fact, if one wriggles its way into your pond, it will be a welcome treat for your fish! Goldfish and other smaller fish will gobble them and their little mud homes; koi and other larger fish will treat them as tasty hors d’oeuvres.

Bloodworms are quite nutritious for fish. In fact, the insects are about 55 percent protein – which is a key nutrient fishes need to grow, reproduce and maintain their health. So rather than balk at the tiny worms, scoop them out of your filter and give them to your pond dwellers. They’ll thank you for them!

Pond Talk: What’s the weirdest (or coolest!) insect you’ve seen in or around your pond?

Filtration Made Affordable

20 Responses

  1. Coolest and weirdest I saw all around our Flowers by our pond this year was the hummingbird moth. I have a picture but did not see a way to attach

  2. Hi I’m new to having a pond in the house and I am really concerned about the mosquito -like insects that resides at the pond wall. What are they? Are they really mosquitoes because I hate to think that my house is host to dengue carrying mosquitoes?? How do I get rid of them??

    • Hi Noelle – It is difficult to tell if these are really mosquitos or another insect without seeing what they look like. Generally mosquitos like calm water or stagnant areas between plants to lay their larvae so if you have moving water they should not really be an issue.

    • Might be the Midge Fly . Harmless although they resemble pesky Mosquitos ,but they lay there eggs in water just like the mosquito ,but the larvae look like little red worms , witch are packed w protein so fish and frog like as well a healthy snack . But thats my guess with out a picture.

  3. Thank goodness they’re not harmful to my koi or goldfish. There are hundreds of them in my pond filter.

  4. The worms in my pond are red but about an inch or two long don’t think these are blood worms there are thousands of them, crawling up side of pond what are the they look like little earth worms???

    • Hi Tina – Unless you notice any water quality issues or issues with your fish I really wouldn’t worry about them. This fish will most likely eat them. You can always email us a picture for ID.

  5. I’m relieved to find that those worms aren’t harmful. BUT specifically, are they harmful to turtles?

  6. Thanks I’m new to pond keeping and they made me panic.

  7. i saw very little red worms in my bathtub

  8. What’s the best way to harvest these worms from my filter mesh? They come out of my filters by the hundreds when i clean the filter meshy material. I hose it out on the sidewalk but right now the only way I can harvest them is by picking them up one by one from the puddle. My fish love them but I need a faster, more efficient way to catch them during cleaning. Any hints?

  9. Hi to you all. My biggest question is how long do goldfish live in a 3/4
    acre pond in NW Ohio? Why do I ask…Goldie “our goldfish” was with us for over 10 years. Played with the kids and watched them as if they were hers..(or his)!! Goldie was about 22″long. Did we do something wrong that made her die?

    • On average, 10 years is a pretty descent life span of a goldfish while 15-20 is exceptional but not unheard of. It would a bit difficult to pinpoint the cause of death with limited information but it is not unreasonable to suspect age as a factor at 10+ years.

  10. The first time I saw dragonfly larvae I didnt know what it was. They look like aliens! At least I think they are dragonfly larvae??

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