Posted on July 28, 2008 by thepondguy
Flex PVC Tubing
Q: How do I know what tubing size to use? I want to increase the water to my waterfall from 1,500 gph (gallon per hour) to almost 4,000 gph. I currently have 1″ tubing will this work? – Matt of Vermont
A: No. Your pump and tubing are currently sized correctly, but if you increase the water flow to 4,000 gph you will need to increase the tubing to see the benefits of your new pump. I would guess that you would not see more than 2,000 gph if you leave the 1″ tubing. When using a 4,000 gph pump, the proper tubing size to use would be 2″. A good way to think about tubing size is to imagine drinking from a straw. If you were to try to drink a glass of water with a cocktail straw it would take much longer than if you were to drink that same glass of water from a standard size straw. Over the years we have developed a chart to help our customer’s size their tubing. Please see below. To see our selection of plumbing and accessories, click here.
Up to 500 GPH: Use 1/2″ Tubing
Up to 900 GPH: Use 3/4″ Tubing
Up to 1,500 GPH: Use 1″ Tubing
Up to 2,700 GPH: Use 1-1/4″ Tubing
Up to 3,600 GPH: Use 1-1/2″ Tubing
Up to 5,400 GPH: Use 2″ Tubing
Up to 13,500 GPH: Use 3″ Tubing
Up to 21,000 GPH: Use 4″ Tubing
Up to 42,000 GPH: Use 6″ Tubing
Plumbing Tip: Try to avoid 90 degree turns for this will cause friction slowing down and reducing your water flow. We always recommend flexible PVC to avoid connections that can not only leak but cause friction loss reducing your water flow.
Filed under: Pump, Tubing | Tagged: flex pvc, Pump, pump size, Tubing, tubing size for pump | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 30, 2008 by joemejia
Q: How do I properly size a pump to create the waterfall I’m looking for? – Several Customers
A: We get this question asked to us quite a bit. The following process will help you in determing the correct pump size for a waterfall:
Step 1: Determine the Head Pressure (Head)
Head equals the total number of feet from the top of the waterfall to the water’s surface. For example: Let’s say that height is equal to 5′.
Step 2: Determining Desired Water Flow
In general, you will need 1,500 gallons per hour (gph) for every 1-foot of waterfall discharge for an average flow. The discharge is considered where the water enters back into the pond. For example: Let’s say the width of our waterfall is 2′. This would mean we need a pump of approximately 3,000 gph.
Step 3: Putting It All Together
In our example, our head pressure is 5′ and the approximate gph of our desired pump is 3,000 gph. This means would need a pump that would pump 3,000 gph at 5′ of head.
- For a heavy waterfall flow, use 2,000 gph per foot of waterfall discharge.
- For a lighter waterfall flow, use 1,000 gph per foot of waterfall discharge.
- If the tubing from the pump to the waterfall is greater than 10′ then it is recommended to add 1 foot of head for every 10′ of tubing.
- We also have a calculator on our website to help calculate this formula for you. Click here to view the calculator.
Filed under: Pump, Water Gardens & Features, Waterfall | Tagged: creating a waterfall, how to calculate pump size, Pump, pump size, pumps, sizing a pump, sizing my pump, sizing the pump, Waterfall, waterfalls, what pump size do i need | Leave a comment »