Posted on May 18, 2012 by thepondguy
How Do I Tell Chara & Naiad Apart?
Thomas – Williamston, MI
It’s very important to be able to tell Chara and Naiad apart. Why? Because Chara is actually a form of algae and you must use an algaecide, like Algae Defense or Cutrine®-Plus, to treat it. Naiad, which looks similar to Chara, is an aquatic weed and you should use an herbicide, like Pond Logic® PondWeed Defense®, to treat it.
A couple of things to look for to help you differentiate between the two pond nuisances:
• Chara lacks true leaves because it is algae. Instead, it has 6 to 16 leaf-like branchlets that grow in spirals (whorls) around the stem. These branchlets often have tiny, thorn-like projections.
• Naiad has dark-green to greenish-purple, ribbon-like leaves. Naiad leaves are arranged oppositely on the stem, or sometimes in whorls of 3.
• Chara has no defined root system
• Naiad has a well-established root system
• Chara gets a foul, musky, almost garlic-like odor late in the season
If you are still unsure what type of plant you are dealing with, consider applying Hydrothol 191. A granular algaecide/herbicide, Hydrotol 191 is proven to treat both algae AND aquatic weeds but carries a 25 day irrigation & 3 day fish consumption restriction.
Pond Talk: Have you battled Chara or Naiad in your pond? How did you treat it?
Filed under: Algae Defense, Chara (Algae), Pond & Lake, Pondweeds | Tagged: algae, algae defense, chara, cutrine plus, hydrothol 191, identification, naiad, Pond Logic, pond weeds, weeds | Leave a comment »
Posted on May 11, 2012 by thepondguy
Is There A Special Way I Should Be Feeding My Fish?
Robert – Santee, SC
Start Feeding Pond Fish When The Weather Warms – Once your pond temperature reaches to 45 degrees, fish feeding can begin. During the colder months, your fish are hibernating live off of their stored body fat.
Train Your Fish - Fish need a schedule. Feed them in the same area at roughly the same time each day. Eventually, they will show you that they are ready for food by rushing to greet you at the edge of the pond with their mouths open.
Feed Pond Fish Slowly – At first, add only one or two pellets to the pond. This causes a ripple on the pond surface that will get the fish’s attention. Once the fish begin coming up for food, you can increase the amount of food given.
Don’t Over-Feed Your Fish - New fish may only be able to eat a small amount. Once they become more alert and accustomed to being fed, they may start to eat a little more. Don’t offer any more food than what your fish can eat in about five minutes.
Use The Right Food – This one depends on what kind of fish you have. Some of the most popular pond fish for backyard water gardens are Goldfish and Koi. We recommend feeding these fish either Pond Logic® Growth & Color or Tetra Pond™ Koi Vibrance.
Filed under: Feeding Fish, Water Gardens & Features | Tagged: fish food, goldfish, Growth & Color, koi, Pond Logic, tetrapond | Leave a comment »
Posted on May 4, 2012 by thepondguy
Will Algaecides & Herbicides Harm My Beneficial Bacteria?
Kenneth – Lawton, OK
Some chemical treatments can affect the performance of your beneficial bacteria. It’s best to wait 72 hours after a chemical treatment to add bacteria. Certain chemical treatments contain copper, and copper can reduce the effectiveness of bacteria. If you wait a few days, you’ll ensure no loss of bacteria from a chemical interaction and the bacteria will have a lot of newly killed weeds to feed on. If you can’t wait, apply bacteria away from the treated areas of your pond. For example, if you put chemicals around the edge of your pond, add bacteria such Pond Logic® PondClear™, to the center. This will prevent the chance of overlapping chemicals with natural bacteria.
Filed under: Algae Control, Algae Defense, MuckAway, Pond & Lake, Pond Clear, Pondweeds | Tagged: algae defense, Algaecide, algicide, beneficial bacteria, herbicide, muckaway, Pond Logic, PondClear, pondweed defense | Leave a comment »
Posted on April 6, 2012 by thepondguy
I Overwintered My Fish Indoors This Season. How Should I Go About Placing Them Back Into My Pond?
Tamara – Rapid City, SD
Re-introducing your fish to their summer home can be a safe and simple process if you follow these 4 simple steps:
Perform A Pond Cleanout – Clean your rocks, waterfall, filters and pond equipment. If stuck-on debris are slowing you down, use some Pond Logic® Oxy-Lift™ to speed up the process. Be sure to clean out any bottom-dwelling muck and skim out floating debris. Most people drain their ponds for easier access to the entire pond. If you are not up to the task then perform at least a 20% water change.
Seed & Start Your Filers – Once you refill the pond, replace or clean filter media pads and secondary media like Pond Logic® BioBalls™. Use Microbe-Lift PL Gel to introduce beneficial bacteria and reduce filter seed time. Once everything is back in place, start your pumps and let the water flow.
Test The Water – Use a water test kit to ensure pond water is balanced and safe for your fish. A good test kit will include tests for ammonia, nitrite and pH levels as these directly impact the health of your fish. We always recommend adding Water Conditioner or Stress Reducer to your pond after water changes to detoxify harmful contaminates in well and city water.
Acclimate Your Fish – Water temperature and composition will be different than their winter housing, so it is important to slowly introduce them to their new home. Bring fish out in a bucket and periodically add a small amount of pond water every 5-10 minutes. This will give your fish time to adjust to the water variations and avoid shock. After 15-20 minutes it will be safe to gently release the fish back into their home.
Filed under: Koi & Goldfish, Pond Cleanouts, Spring Cleanout, Spring Start-Up, Water Gardens & Features | Tagged: fish acclimation, ph, pond cleaning, Pond Logic, Spring Cleanout, stress reducer, water test kits | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 30, 2012 by thepondguy
Do I Have To Feed My Fish A Wheat Germ Food In The Spring?
Tim – Oakville, CT
Your fish may be looking for food but that doesn’t mean you should feed them just yet. Water temperatures will have the final say on when you should begin feeding and which food you should use.
Fish should only be fed when water temperatures are consistently over 40° as their digestive system will become too slow to properly break food down in colder water. The digestive capabilities of your fish will increase in-line with water temperatures. It is ideal to provide wheat germ based foods like Pond Logic® Spring & Fall when water temperatures are between 40 & 50°. These wheat germ foods are easier to digest which helps your fish as they are not back to their normal fully-functioning selves until water temperatures break 50°.
Once water temperatures are holding steadily above 50° you can begin feeding with denser, more protein rich, foods like Growth & Color or Pond Logic® Professional.
Filed under: Feeding Fish, Spring Start-Up, Water Gardens & Features, Wheat Germ Fish Food | Tagged: fish food, Growth & Color, Pond Logic, spring & fall, water temperature | 2 Comments »
Posted on March 23, 2012 by thepondguy
Are Products With Beneficial Bacteria The Same As Products With Enzymes?
Jeff – Carol Stream, IL
Natural bacteria and enzymes each play a very different role in your pond or lake. Understanding how each item affects your pond will help make selecting the right products easier.
Natural bacteria, like those in PondClear™ and MuckAway™, are microscopic organisms that decompose organic material such as dead algae/weeds, leaves and pond muck. Don’t let the word bacteria scare you, especially when it comes to these natural bacteria additives for ponds. They are completely natural and 100% safe. These aerobic bacteria (bacteria that require oxygen) are preferred for pond applications because they decompose organic material and pond muck at a faster rate than anaerobic bacteria, which do not require oxygen to survive.
Enzymes, on the other hand, are catalysts that aid natural bacteria by speeding up the digestion of dead material. They help ponds by lowering the activation energy needed for natural bacteria to digest dead materials. PondLogic® PondClear™ and MuckAway™ are unique in the fact that they possess the ability to produce their own enzymes unlike other bacteria additives on the market. There is no need to add additional enzymes.
Our recommendation; don’t be fooled by products that focus just on enzymes. Aerobic natural bacteria must already be present in the pond for enzymes to be productive. Instead, stick with PondLogic® aerobic natural bacteria products that produce their own enzymes as this will save you time & money as well as give you the results you want…clear water.
Filed under: Muck, MuckAway, Pond & Lake, Pond Clear, Water Clarity | Tagged: aerobic, anaerobic, bacteria, enzymes, muckaway, Pond Logic, PondClear | 2 Comments »
Posted on March 9, 2012 by thepondguy
How Early In The Spring Should I Start Using The Seasonal Defense® In My Pond Logic® DefensePAC®?
Marilyn – Jackson, MI
When maintaining a crystal-clear pond in cooler seasons, Seasonal Defense® is your best friend. Seasonal Defense® accelerates the decomposition of leaves, scum, and sediment that create pond muck during the fall and winter months.
Using Seasonal Defense® to maintain your pond through the cooler part of the season will gives you a head start on summer pond management. Seasonal Defense® replenishes winter bacteria loss, jump-starts your biological filters and breaks down unwanted waste. Once your pond is running for the season and water temperatures are above 40 degrees, start using Seasonal Defense® every week for about a month, or until the water is above 50 degrees. At this point you can start using the rest of the DefensePAC®. Don’t have your DefensePAC® yet? Now’s the best time!
Filed under: Spring Start-Up, Water Gardens & Features | Tagged: defensepac, Pond Logic, seasonal defense, Spring Start-Up, water gardens | Leave a comment »